Treatment of pilonidal disease - summary
There are few reports on recovery from pilonidal disease by conservative, non-surgical care, strict adherence to local hygiene and removal of protruding hairs from pilonidal pits.
Acute infection with abscess formation requires urgent surgical drainage and is usually followed by a complement surgical procedure after infection subsides.
An initial infection, before abscess formation, may be treated with antibiotics.
Surgery, however, is the common recommended treatment for those suffering from continuous symptomatic pilonidal disease.
There are dozens of surgical methods used worldwide for the treatment of pilonidal disease. These can be classified into two main fundamental categories:
1. Operations employing wide radical excision of the natal cleft.
2. Operations employing minimal or no excision of tissue.
Both above methods have similar success rates regarding disease eradication. Nevertheless, when using a minimal excision technique, the amount of resected tissue is negligible, resulting in superior recovery and a much better cosmetic outcome.